Berlin

 
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Berlin:

Berlin, Germany’s capital, has a population of approximately 3,5 million and an area of 889 square kilometres, 8 times greater than Paris. More than one third of the city is covered by forests, parks, and waterways. Berlin is located at the very center of Europe, on the banks of the rivers Spree and Havel, close to the borders of Poland and the Czech Republic.

Compared to other European cities it is considered as one of the “younger” European capitals, as it was founded only about 800 years ago. Devastated in the last months of the war, the capital lost much of its historical heritage. Thanks to the famous architects involved in its reconstruction a modern town with wide avenues and with a lot of green breathing space has emerged from the ruins of 1945. The city was divided by the infamous Berlin Wall from August 13, 1961 to November 9, 1989. After the reunification in 1990, Berlin became the capital and the residence of the Federal Government, which held its first plenary session in the redesigned Reichstag on April 19, 1999.

Berlin is the largest German city and one of the liveliest, most interesting and changing capitals in the world. It has three outstanding opera houses (Staatsoper, Deutsche Oper Berlin, and Komische Oper), three world-class orchestras (Berliner Philharmonisches Orchester, Deutsches Sinfonieorchester Berlin, and the Berliner Sinfonie-Orchester), three large universities (Technische Universität, Freie Universität, and Humboldt Universität), and three airports (Tegel, Tempelhof, Schönefeld).

The official city information website is www.berlin.de.

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updated: 23.09.08